[T25] UPSC Mock Round#31: Current Affairs practice MCQs from 2019-Jan- Clean Air program, Citizenship Bill & More

  • Timelimit: 30 minutes. 2 Marks for correct answer; -0.66 marks for wrong answer.
  • Mitron, my [T25] series contains 25 Mock MCQ primarily aimed at UPSC IAS/IPS Civil Service exam aspirants.
  • I usually dont give direct answer below the MCQs but indirect hints. Because, then you’ve to read the MCQ again & apply logical reasoning skills. This will improve your mental faculties compared to a scenario where direct answers are spoon-fed. having said that, if you want to learn some background theory and the correct answer, you may visit my playlist at Unacademy.
  • This 31st set focuses mainly on Current Affairs practice MCQs from 2019-Jan.
  • So far I’ve done 31 sets x 25 questions each = 775 MCQs.

Economy / Yearbook  / Schemes

Q.  Find the correct pair(s) of committees set up by RBI in 2017-18.

  1. Former RBI Governor Bimal Jalan Panel: RBI economic capital framework
  2. Former UIDAI chairman Nandan Nilekani committee: loans to MSME sector. 
  3. Former SEBI chairman U.K. Sinha: Digital payment system

Answer codes

  1. Only 1
  2. Only 2 and 3
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. All of them

HINT: Since Bimal Jalan was an RBI governor he is an expert in analysing the issue related to RBI economic capital framework and RBI’s dividend to the government.  whereas, Nilekani is formally associated with Infosys so out of the three subjects given in the options, which one do you think he is more expert in? Interchange the subjects accordingly.

Q. Which of the following reforms have been initiated / implemented by RBI to make the credit card and debit card transactions more secure.

  1. RBI ordered replacement magnetic strip based cards with EMV cards.
  2. RBI issued guidelines for implementation of Tokenisation System.
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

HINT: Magnetic strip based card can be cloned easily and therefore prone to frauds. Hence RBI ordered the banks to give EMV (EuroPay, MasterCard and Visa) chip and PIN-based cards to customers WEF 1/1/2019. Tokenization system is similar to generating Aadhar Virtual ID- so that You can give this virtual code during the payment instead of revealing your actual credit or debit card’s  card number, expiry date.

Q. Find the correct pair of state agriculture scheme:

  1. Kalia Scheme: Odisha
  2. Rythu Bandhu Scheme: Andhra Pradesh
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

HINT: Rythu Bandhu Scheme-  the Government of Telangana gives direct 8,000 rupees each to farmers for Rabi and kharif crops in the form of bearer cheques. Similarly, in Krushak Assistance for Livelihood and Income Augmentation- Odisha Government gives Rs.10,000 per farming-family per year. They came into news because in the intern budget 2019 government has proposed to give 6000 rupees to the farmers under PM-Kisan Yojana.

Q. Government of India has proposed for ‘size India’ project. It is related to which of the following ministry /  organisation?

  1. Health Ministry
  2. Central statistical organisation
  3. Textile Ministry
  4. Ministry of Science and Technology

HINT: US-UK sizes are related to clothes-shoes sizes. So,  textile ministry wants similar thing for India.

Q. Find correct statements about Sikkim

  1. It is the first state of India that has become fully organic in agriculture production.
  2. it is the first state of India that has announced implementation of Universal basic income from 2022.
  3. It is the first state of India that has implemented 10% quota for the  economically weaker section of unreserved category.

Answer Codes:

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 2 and 3
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. All of them

HINT: 10% EWS-Unreserved Quota is first implemented in the state where the tallest statue of the world is located. Eliminate accordingly. BTW, Universal basic income concept was given by the previous Chief economic advisor Arvind Subramanian in his economic survey 2016-17.

Q.  The GST Council has formed group of ministers committee to analyse the reason for shortfall in the GST collection by the states.  Who among the following is the chairman of this GoM?

  1. Piyush Goyal, the finance minister of India.
  2. Shiv Pratap Shukla, Minister of State for Finance.
  3. Nitin Patel,  the Deputy Chief Minister of  Gujarat.
  4. Sushil Modi,  the Deputy Chief Minister of Bihar.

HINT: He is not a minister in the union government nor he is a minister in the state where tallest statue is located.

Q. Application supported by blocked amount (ABSA)  is a mechanism related with

  1.  filing tenders India government procurement.
  2.  process through which a foreign investors apply for investment permission in the government.
  3.  booking shares and bonds in the securities market.
  4.  None of the above.

HINT: When investor applies for Initial Public Offer (IPO) and Follow-on Public Offer (FPO) to purchase shares, he has to do ASBA i.e. block funds available in his  Savings Bank Account or Current Account (other than Overdraft or loan accounts). If the particular shares are allotted to him, then only the amount will be cut from his bank account, Until then he will continue to on interest on it. Recently SEBI has announced that ASBA rules will apply  even while applying for REITs and INVITs.

Q. India Japan have signed currency swap deal worth 75 billion dollars.  What is the objective / benefit of this deal?

  1. Pooling of financial resources to buy SDRs at International Monetary Fund for increasing their voting powers.
  2. Helping the central banks of each country in managing the exchange rate volatility.
  3. Faster completion of bullet train project.
  4. None of the above.

HINT: Currency swap is a contract through which two parties exchange different currencies. 

Q. NGO Pratham released its ASER-2018 report in 2019-Jan, Find incorrect statement(s) in this regard.

  1. It observed that all the learning parameters in primary school children have continue to deteriorate in this decade (2008 to 2018).
  2. The full form of this report is “Annual Survey of Education Report”.
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

HINT: It is not ‘survey’ but rather ‘status’, and things have marginally improved in this decade.

Q.  in January 2019, which of the following organisation has announced a ban on opening new colleges for engineering stream from 2022.

  1. Human Resource Ministry
  2. UGC
  3. NITI Aayog
  4. All India Council for Technical Education (AICTE)

HINT: AICTE announced it on the  recommendations of a panel headed by BVR Mohan Reddy of IIT-Hyderabad.

Q. Find correct statement(s) about the annual Davos Summit that was held in 2019 January:

  1. It is organised by the World Bank.
  2. This year’s theme revolved around globalisation 2.0 and the second industrial revolution.
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

HINT: it is organised by world economic Forum, and 2019 scheme revolve around globalisation 4.0 and the Fourth industrial revolution.

Q. According to the external commercial borrowing framework-2019 of RBI,  who among the following are eligible to borrow money from overseas?

  1. Not for profit companies
  2. Companies dealing with microfinance in India.
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

HINT: Both

Q. Find correct pair of international guidelines and their objectives:

  1. BASEL Convention Guidelines: Transboundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes
  2. IOSCO Guidelines: Investors Protection and systematic risk in global economy.
  3. FATF Guidelines: Money Laundering

Answer Codes:

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 2 and 3
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. All of them

HINT: All three are correctly paired. International Organisation of Securities Commissions (IOSCO), Spain looks after global investors’ protection and reduction of systematic risk. Financial Action Task Force (FATF, Paris) related with Money Laundering. BASEL, Switzerland  is well known for the banking capitalisation guidelines but same place is also associated with the UN convention on movement of hazardous waste (Effective from 1992).

Mrunal’s Live Classes on Economy

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Q. The Citizenship Amendment Bill, 2019 proposes to give faster Indian citizenship to non-Muslims from which of the following countries?

  1. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Maldives, Myanmar and Pakistan
  2. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Maldives and Pakistan
  3. Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Pakistan
  4. Afghanistan, Bangladesh and Pakistan

HINT: Traditionally 12 years’ residence in India required before applying for Indian citizenship. But the bill aims to reduce it to just 7 years, if it’s a non-Muslim from A-B-V-P countries. North eastern state do not like this, not one bit.

Q. (Assertion-A): In 2019, an interim budget was presented in the month of February without a vote on account or economic survey. (Reason-R):  Article 112 of our constitution requires that during the general election year, a full fledged budget, vote on account and economic survey should not be presented until the election result is out.

  1. Both the Assertion and the Reason are correct and the Reason is the correct explanation of the Assertion.
  2. The Assertion and the Reason are correct but the Reason is not the correct explanation of the Assertion.
  3. Assertion is true but the Reason is false.
  4. Assertion is false but the Reason is true.

HINT: Read Parliament chapter in Laxmikanth.

Q. Government of India passed a bill for 10% quota to economically weaker section (EWS) in the unreserved categories.  it is based on the recommendations of which of the following committee?

  1. Xaxa committee report.
  2. Sinho Commission Report.
  3. Sachchar Committee Report
  4. Kalelkar Committee Report

HINT: Retired major general S.R.Sinho panel was  formed by the UPA government in 2010 and it had recommended such thing.

Q. In 2019-Jan, West Bengal pulled out of Pradhan Mantri Jan Arogya Yojana. Find incorrect statements about this scheme.

  1. It provides Rs. 5 lakh insurance per person per eligible family.
  2. All the physically disabled citizens of India are automatically eligible for the scheme.
  3. It is not a 100% centrally sponsored scheme.

Answer Codes:

  1. Only 1 and 2
  2. Only 2 and 3
  3. Only 1 and 3
  4. All of them

HINT: 5 lakh per family per year. Beneficiaries identified through socio-economic caste census, so, if a physically disabled person is rich then he will not be eligible. Cost sharing between Union State is 60:40 (or 90:10) depending on the state.

Environment / Geography

Q. National Clean Air Programme (NCAP) was Launched in 2019 January by the environment ministry.  Find correct statement(s) in this regard:

  1. It is a decade long plan from 2019 to 2029
  2. It aims to use 2019 as the base year for comparison.
  3. It aims to eliminate particulate matter PM2.5 in next 2.5 years and PM10 in next ten years from the Indian Air.
  4. None of the above

HINT: Base year 2017. Five year plan 2019-2024- and within that time “reduce” (not “eliminate”) both PM2.5 and PM10.

Q. A person named Vishweshwar Dutt Saklani died in 2019- January. He was known as the tree man of _ _ _ .

  1. Jharkhand
  2. Uttarakhand
  3. Chhattisgarh
  4. Rajasthan

HINT: he was known as the tree man of Uttarakhand because he had planted around 50 lakh trees in the Tehri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand.

Q.  Agasthyakoodam peak is located in which of the following state?

  1. Andhra Pradesh
  2. Tamil Nadu
  3. Karnataka
  4. Kerala

HINT: it is a peak located in Neyyar  wildlife sanctuary & Agasthyamala Biosphere Reserve in Kerala. Kani Tribals living in this region forbade the entry of women on the mountain where celibate Agasthya Muni is worshipped. However a lady from the Intelligence Bureau was able to climb after Kerala High Court order.

Q. Prime Minister Narendra Modi renamed three Islands of Andaman and Nicobar in 2018-Dec. to mark the 75th anniversary of freedom fighter Subhas Chandra Bose’s declaration of the formation of the Azad Hind government in 1943. Find correct pairs of the old name vs new names of these islands.

  1. The Ross Island: Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose Dweep
  2. Neil Island would: Shaheed Dweep
  3. Havelock Island: Swaraj Dweep
  4. All of them

HINT: for faster revision, all of them are correct.

Q. In 2019-Jan The parliament of Macedonia voted in favour of renaming the country to “North Macedonia”. This is done to distinguish itself from the “Macedonia” province  in  _ _ _ country.

  1. Serbia
  2. Yugoslavia
  3. Bulgaria
  4. Greece

HINT: For long, country of Macedonia wanted to join EU and NATO but Greece blocked it saying we also have province named ‘Macedonia’.


Persons in News, Books in News

These are more relevant for the non-IAS exams

Q. In 2019-Jan, Gandhi Peace Prize for 2015,2016,2017 and 2018 were announced.  find correct statement(s) about this:

  1. Government of India has been giving this award since the death of Gandhi in 1948.
  2. Just like the Padma awards, Ministry of Home Affairs looks after the administrative process related to this award as well.
  3. Both 1 and 2
  4. Neither 1 nor 2

HINT: Started giving from 1995 onwards. Winners are selected by committee headed by the Prime Minister, The administrative issues are looked after by the Ministry of culture.

2015: Vivekananda Kendra, Kanyakumari rural development and  associated things. 2016: jointly to AkshayaPatra Foundation (mid-day meal) and Sulabh International (sanitation). 2017:

EkalAbhiyan Trust for education of rural -tribal children. 2018: Yohei Sasakawa for Leprosy Eradication in India and across the world. Award comes with Rs.1 crore.

Q.  “The rural manifesto”  is a book authored by

  1. Rahul Gandhi
  2. Gopalkrishna Gandhi
  3. Tushar Gandhi
  4. Feroze Varun Gandhi

HINT: Maneka Gandhi’s son.

Q. Who is Tulsi Gabbard?

  1. A Hindu Governor of Hawaii State whom  Donald Trump has appointed as USA Ambassador to United Nations.
  2. A Hindu US Congreesswoman from Hawaii state who has Announced to contest election against President Donald Trump.
  3. A Hindu US Congreesswoman who announced to contact contest election as the vice presidential candidate with whoever contests against Donald Trump.
  4. A Hindu US Congreesswoman who has announced to be the running mate (Vice Presidential candidate) of Nikkey Haley.

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