Pill2: Budget, Taxation, Public Finance
Arrange the aforesaid parameters in descending order in terms of their weights
During the Rajaswa Gyan Sangam held on 1st and 2nd September, 2017, the Prime Minister Shri Narendra Modi had observed that the Income-tax Act, 1961 (the Act) was drafted more than 50 years ago and it needs to be re-drafted. So, Finance Ministry setup a task force with Arbind Modi as convener, he’s a member of the CBDT.
National Anti-profiteering Authority (NAA) is setup to take action against businessmen who’re not passing on goods and services tax (GST) rate cut benefits to customers. It can impose penalty, which goes to Consumer welfare Fund as per the Central GST Act. GST compensation fund is separate thing- which is filled by imposing special compensation cess on coal, demerit and luxury goods such as tobacco, cigar, pan masala, Aerated drinks and motor vehicles.
For the year 2018-19, the States’ capital expenditure on Rs. billion is as following
Another question lifted from RBI’s State Finances Report published in 2018-July.
The 2018-Feb’s budget speech itself doesn’t mention which states exactly. But later it was revealed that Tamilnadu and Uttar Pradesh will get these corridors.
Pill3: Intl. Trade, World Bank
While the Draft defence production policy aims to raise FDI cap to 74% but as per the extant (i.e. present) FDI policy, permits only upto 49% FDI in defense sector through automatic route.
2018-Aug, Dept of Industry and policy promotion launched this logo for GI products, to make them more attractive. GI indicator examples- Basmati rice, Banarasi Sari, Kashmir’s Pashmina shawls W.Bengal’s Darjeeling Tea etc.
It was held in Papa’s capital Port Moresby. Ended without any joint statement just like WTO’s Buenos Aires summit 2017. India not an APEC member, so how can it attend!?
|Summit||Venue||Theme / Significance|
|SCO||2017-Kazakhstan’s Astana||India, Pak got formal membership|
|BIMSTEC||2014- Not imp. (Myanmar)||Towards a peaceful, prosperous and sustainable Bay of Bengal region|
|2018- Kathmandu, Nepal|
|BRICS||2018- Johannesburg, S.Africa||“BRICS in Africa: Collaboration for Inclusive Growth and Shared Prosperity in the 4th Industrial Revolution”|
|CHOGM||2015- Not imp; 2018- UK||Commonwealth|
|UNFCCC||2017-Bonn, Germany||Climate Change|
|2018- Katowice, Poland|
|PBD||2017- Bengaluru (7-9 Jan)||(2019) Role of Indian Diaspora in Building New India|
|2019- Varanasi (21-23 Jan)|
|WTO||2017- Buenos Aires, 2019- ?|
|ASEAN||2018: Singapore, 19- Thailand|
Pill4: Sectors- Agriculture
Debatable question depending on how you interpret “immediately after independence”. Because according to NCERT Economy Class11, the HVY seeds started from mid 1960s. I don’t see 1965 as ‘immediately after independence’.
Let’s rephrase second statement: “Agriculture growth rate continues to be volatile.” Now let’s check from Economic Survey 2018 Vol2, Ch7: Growth rate in GVA of Agriculture & Allied Sectors: 1.5% in 2012, 5.6% in 2013, -0.2% in 2014, 0.7% in 2015, 4.9% in 2016, 2.1% in 2017. So, yes the volatility is there, and it has not declined. Second statement is right. But does it explain the first correct statement?
Who prepares in this much detail. I’ve already mentioned the hike in the options itself. Madhya Pradesh is prominent in Soya bean cultivation and election is approaching so if you guessed that Government must have given very large hike in Soya MSP for farmers vote bank… well you’re mistaken.
(inspired from UPSC’s-CDS-ii-2018)
Select the correct answer using the code given below:
|LATEST Report||1st Rank||India||Last Rank|
|World Bank’s EoD 2019||NZ||100-> 77 J||190th Somalia|
|Global Hunger Index 2018 by Concern Worldwide (Ireland) and Welthungerhilfe (Germany). ||Collectively 15||100->103 L||119 Central African Republic|
|Human Dev Report by UNDP 2018||Norway||131->130 J||189 Niger|
|Gender Gap 2017 by WEF||Albania||108||144 Yemen|
|World Happiness Report 2018 by UN Sustainable Development Solutions Network (SDSN)- every 2 years||Finland||122->133 L But Pakistan is the happiest among SAARC countries !!??||156: Burundi|
|World Inequality Index 2018 UK’s Oxfam||Sweden||147 L fodder for Essay||152 Nigeria|
Top-10 economies are United States, China, Japan, Germany, United Kingdom, India, France, Brazil, Italy, Canada. Ref: https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/ny.gdp.mktp.cd?year_high_desc=true
First statement is lifted verbatim Economic survey 2017-2018 vol1, page 122. Between 2004 to 2016, Public investment in RD has been ~0.4% of GDP whereas private investment has been ~0.2%. so, first statement is right. Second statement also lifted from same page. However, does it explain the first statement? Will private investment increase if universities played active role!!??
Pill4A: Employment, Inflation, Investment
Lifted verbatim Economic survey 2017-2018 vol1, page 44’s table. In the given timeframe (2007 to 2015), Total savings rate declined by -7.7%, household saving by -5.2% and public savings by -4.0%. So think, whether 2 explains 1? What is the meaning of Savings Rate, Investment Rate and Capital Formation- you can learn it
Pill5: Infrastructure- Transport / Railways
“New Delhi has metro so it ought to be the Metro Railway Zone” such guessmasters should buy Iodex for their broken backs because IYB Ch.26 on Transport gives a list of 17 Railway zonal HQs. Kolkata is Zonal Railway HQ for Eastern, South Eastern and Metro.
IYB ch.5 says Under PRASAD scheme, 25 sites of religious significance have been identified for development namely Amaravati (Andhra Pradesh), Amritsar (Punjab), , Ayodhya (Uttar Pradesh), Badrinath (Uttarakhand), Dwarka (Gujarat), Deoghar (Jharkhand), Belur (West Bengal), Gaya (Bihar) , Guruvayoor (Kerala), Hazratbal (Jammu & Kashmir), Kamakhya (Assam), Kanchipuram (Tamil Nadu), Katra (Jammu & Kashmir), Kedarnath (Uttarakhand), Mathura (Uttar Pradesh), Patna (Bihar), Puri (Odisha), Srisailam (Andhra Pradesh), , Tirupati (Andhra Pradesh), Trimbakeshwar (Maharashtra), Ujjain (Madhya Pradesh), Varanasi (Uttar Pradesh) and . So, eliminate accordingly.
Pill6: HRD, Census Figures
In UPSC’s-CDS-ii-2018, UPSC mostly focused on “data interpretation’ related MCQs from economy. This is continuation of the trend observed in CSE-2018 Prelim as well.
|SAKSHAM||AICTE Scholarship for Differently-Abled Children|
|Sugamya Pustakalaya:||Soc.Jus. Ministry’s digital library for VH|
|SAMVAY framework-||HRD’s Skill assessment matrix for vocational advancement of youth- course credit for mobility|
|Swayam||HRD’s Study Webs of Active -Learning for Young Aspiring Minds: Massive Open Online learning portal|
|ShaGun Portal||HRD’s Monitoring School performance in SSA|
|Prashikshak Portal||HRD’s Monitoring Teachers training institutes|
|GIAN||HRD’s Global Initiative for Academy Network to tap the talent pool of scientists and entrepreneurs (option A)|
|Vajra||Visiting Advanced Joint Research: DST scheme for bringing NRI faculty|
|Pragati||AICTE scholarship for girls in technical education|
|KIRAN||DST scheme for helping women scientist resume work after break|
|Vidhyanjali||HRD’s Private people volunteer in SSA|
If you try guessing here that Mizoram is a North East state so it could be lowest in urbanization and then you could jump to answer 4 then you’re in for serious shock. Let’s find the official state-wise urban population data from Census-2011. IYB has not given it. While NCERT India-People and Economy has appendix containing urban population table, but it’s outdated data of Census-2001, even in the latest edition. Time to look into Majid Hussain’s Geography of India page 14.31.
Number of people living in per square km area is called Population Density. Arunanchal Pradesh has lowest population density. This is given in NCERT Geography and all GK books. So, correct answer could be 1, 2 or 4. And within them, Himachal could have more density than North Eastern States- if we go by that logic then Answer could be 1 or 2. It’s unlikely that you know the exact population density of Sikkim Vs Mizoram so, you could do guess-mastergiri and pick either one from 50:50 coin toss or just skip this question. You could further guess that Sikkim is the ‘first organic farming state of India’, so they could have more thriving economy compared to Mizoram, and hence attracting more migrants, then it’d have more population density than Mizoram. Anyways, Let’s crosscheck the exact numbers from IYB-2017 Table 1.4 in chapter1, because in IYB2018 they’ve removed such census tables (atleast in the Kindle Edition).
Economic Survey 2016-17 had mentioned that Total Fertility Rate is declining in the coastal states, hence they’ll have to rely on migrants from interior states in the future decades when their own population starts to grow old. But, here all four are costal states so it doesn’t help making any logical eliminations. At most you could go by gut feeling that Kerala and Goa are not ‘migrant-attracting big states’ so, unlikely they could have absorbed new families who produced more kids. So, answer could be Andhra Pradesh or Tamilnadu. So, we’ve to find the exact numbers from IYB-2017 Table 1.1 in chapter1, because in IYB2018 they’ve removed such Census tables (atleast in the Kindle Edition).
PS: you don’t have to buy IYB17, just go here on this link and click on book cover’s“look inside”, ch1 is given in the free preview!
You can make logical guesses about the composition by looking at the socio-political undercurrents. For example, W.Bengal parties is more keen to please the Muslims so they could have a sizable percentage. Uttar Pradesh is stronghold of BSP but in Punjab, the ‘Dera culture’ is more prominent because of sizable schedule castes. So, it has to be either UP or Punjab, but since UP has very large total population than Punjab toh UP mein SC % down ho jaayegaa. Therefore, Punjab should be the answer. Let’s find the exact numbers from IYB-2017 Table 1.13 in chapter1, because in IYB2018 they’ve removed such census tables (atleast in the Kindle Edition).
Conclusion, Afterthoughts, Epilogue
24 questions in Prelims 2018 came from Xaam’s Prelims test series.And the truth speaks for itself .When one of the most reputed institution(ShankarIAS) claims for only 27 questions,we can proudly say that we achieved what we promised that too within limited resources, keeping the cost to minimum possible.
It is time to buckle up for 2019 Prelims.
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